Autopoiesis: The Organization of Living Systems, its Characterization and a Model

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Francisco G. Varela, Humberto R. Maturana, R. Uribe
Biosystems 5(4), pages 187-196
May 1974

We formulate the organization of living organisms through the characterization of the class of autopoietic systems to which living things belong. This general characterization is seen at work in a computer simulated model of a minimal case satisfying the conditions for autopoietic organization.