Intelligence without Representation


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Rodney A. Brooks

Artificial Intelligence 47, pages 139-159
1991

Artificial intelligence research has foundered on the issue of representation. When intelligence is approached in an incremental manner, with strict reliance on interfacing to the real world through perception and action, reliance on representation disappears. In this paper we outline our approach to incrementally building complete intelligent Creatures. The fundamental decomposition of the intelligent system is not into independent information processing units which must interface with each other via representations. Instead, the intelligent system is decomposed into independent and parallel activity producers which all interface directly to the world through perception and action, rather than interface to each other particularly much. The notions of central and peripheral systems evaporate—everything is both central and peripheral. Based on these principles we have built a very successful series of mobile robots which operate without supervision as Creatures in standard office environments.

Journals & Series

Publication

— authors

Rodney A. Brooks

— status

published

— sort

article in journal

— publication date

1991

— journal

Artificial Intelligence

— volume

47

— pages

139-159

identifiers

— DOI

10.1016/0004-3702(91)90053-M

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