Publications » Transparent Protection of Aggregate Computations from Byzantine Behaviours via Blockchain

Transparent Protection of Aggregate Computations from Byzantine Behaviours via Blockchain

Danilo Pianini, Giovanni Ciatto, Roberto Casadei, Stefano Mariani, Mirko Viroli, Andrea Omicini
Aggregate Computing is a promising paradigm for coordinating large numbers of possibly situated devices. It is used, in particular, in scenarios related to the Internet of Things, smart cities, drone fleet coordination, and mass urban events. Currently, however, little work has been devoted to study and improve security in aggregate programs. Existing works only focus on application-level countermeasures, typically introducing trust metrics to detect misbehaving devices. Those security systems work under the assumption that the underlying computational model is respected; however, so-called Byzantine behaviour violates such assumption. In this paper, we discuss how Byzantine behaviours can hinder an aggregate program, and exploit application-level protection for creating bigger disruption. We discuss how the Blockchain technology can mitigate these attacks by enforcing behaviours consistent with the expected operational semantics, with no impact on the application logic.
Keywords: Aggregate Programming, blockchain, security, Byzantine fault tolerance
GOODTECHS'18 – Proceedings of the 4th EAI International Conference on Smart Objects and Technologies for Social Good, pages 271-276, November 2018, ACM, New Work, NY, USA
@inproceedings{blockchain-goodtechs2018,
	AcmId = {10.1145/3284869.3284870},
	Address = {New Work, NY, USA},
	Author = {Pianini, Danilo and Ciatto, Giovanni and Casadei, Roberto and Mariani, Stefano and Viroli, Mirko and Omicini, Andrea},
	Booktitle = {GOODTECHS'18 -- Proceedings of the 4th EAI International Conference on Smart Objects and Technologies for Social Good},
	Doi = {10.1145/3284869.3284870},
	Keywords = {Aggregate Programming, blockchain, security, Byzantine fault tolerance},
	Location = {Bologna, Italy},
	Month = nov,
	Pages = {271--276},
	Publisher = {ACM},
	ScopusId = {2-s2.0-85061088949},
	Title = {Transparent Protection of Aggregate Computations from {B}yzantine Behaviours via Blockchain},
	Url = {http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3284870},
	Year = 2018}