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Towards Agent-oriented Blockchains: Autonomous Smart Contracts

Giovanni Ciatto, Alfredo Maffi, Stefano Mariani, Andrea Omicini
Features of blockchain technology (BCT) such as decentralisation, trust, fault tolerance, and accountability, are of paramount importance for multi-agent systems (MAS). In this paper we argue that a principled approach to MAS-BCT integration cannot overlook the foundational character of agency—that is, autonomy. Accordingly, we present a custom BCT implementation where autonomy is placed in smart contracts (SC) interpreted as software agents. We show how agency can enhance SC expressiveness with autonomy, situatedness, sociality, and intelligence, and highlight the limitations of state-of-art BCT in supporting MAS design and implementation.
Keywords: Autonomy; Smart contracts; Blockchain; Multi-agent systems
Advances in Practical Applications of Survivable Agents and Multi-Agent Systems: The PAAMS Collection, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 11523, pages 29-41, June 2019.
Yves Demazeau, Eric Matson, Juan Manuel Corchado, Fernando De la Prieta (eds.), Springer International Publishing
@incollection{autonomoussc-paams2019,
	Author = {Ciatto, Giovanni and Maffi, Alfredo and Mariani, Stefano and Omicini, Andrea},
	Booktitle = {Advances in Practical Applications of Survivable Agents and Multi-Agent Systems: The PAAMS Collection},
	Doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-24209-1_3},
	Editor = {Demazeau, Yves and Matson, Eric and Corchado, Juan Manuel and De la Prieta, Fernando},
	IrisId = {11585/690684},
	Isbn = {978-3-030-24208-4},
	Isbn-Online = {978-3-030-24209-1},
	Keywords = {Autonomy; Smart contracts; Blockchain; Multi-agent systems},
	Month = jun,
	Numpages = 13,
	Pages = {29--41},
	Publisher = {Springer International Publishing},
	ScholarId = {8878235327445521925},
	ScopusId = {2-s2.0-85068643031},
	Series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
	Title = {Towards Agent-oriented Blockchains: Autonomous Smart Contracts},
	Url = {http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-030-24209-1_3},
	Url-Pdf = {http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-3-030-24209-1_3.pdf},
	Volume = 11523,
	Year = 2019}